English with an Accent

English with an Accent

Language, Ideology, and Discrimination in the United States

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Taylor & Francis Ltd






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Contents List of Figures List of Tables The International Phonetic Alphabet Preface to the Third Edition Chapter One: The pronunciation of difference Reproducing inequality Discourse structural racism Language ideologies Red summer Where we are headed Discussion questions Chapter Two: Language, categorization, and social identities Fifty shades of grue Only skin deep Sorting humanity Categories and cognition Is that a sandwich? Some basic semiotics Language and racialization Discussion questions Chapter Three: Things linguists know about language Facts about language Linguistic potential Variety is the spice of life! Are you a robot? So-called Standard English Communicative effectiveness depends on variation Discussion questions Chapter Four: Language subordination Reading a textbook: roles and responsibilities Rejecting the gift: the individual's role in the communicative process Hesitance and uncertainty? Standard language ideology Confronting ideologies Discussion questions Chapter Five: Place-based variation in the American context The social meaning of place Regional varieties of American English Spread the word Vowels on the move Regional variation in morphology and syntax OMG! There's, like, so much more variation! Structured variation: the hidden life of language Discussion questions Chapter Six: Language, racialization, and racism No MSG Race, ethnicity, and linguistic variation Ethnicity-indexing variation: words and sounds Ethnicity-indexing variation: sentences and meanings No MSG, no lazy grammar Language, interaction, and ethnic inequality Language, race, appropriation, and whiteness Language is love Discussion questions Chapter Seven: Language diversity in the United States Estados Unidos no tiene un idioma oficial Language abundance Stolen childhoods Language ideologies and English public space Embracing bilingualism Discussion questions Chapter Eight: American Sign Language and deaf culture How people communicate What it means to be hearing Deaf culture Sign languages and American Sign Language Martha's Vineyard Sign Language Oralism vs. manualism Language ideology and deaf culture Ideologies within the deaf community Discussion questions Chapter Nine: Putting language on the map How we see the language around us Perceptual dialectology Linguistic landscapes The linguistic perception of the American South Kountry Livin' What it means to sound Southern Perceptions meet strategies of condescension Discussion questions Chapter Ten: A history of 'r' in the United States Meaningful, important, and arbitrary The remarkable letter 'r' Rhotics: variety, terminology, and symbols American [ ] is wei(r)d Where did American [ ] come from? From non-rhotic to rhotic: American sound change in the first half of the 20th century Non-rhotic in Manhattan Discussion questions Chapter Eleven: The communicative burden in education The medium of instruction Invisible ideologies go to school The setting of goals Whose language? Appropriacy arguments Languagelessness Education as cultural assimilation How teachers talk How graduate students talk What the science tells us Discussion questions Chapter Twelve: Language use, media stereotypes, and fake news Storytellers, Inc. Teaching children how to discriminate Building on stereotypes Disney's worldview Information literacy: beyond cartoons Echo chambers and filter bubbles Bad is stronger than good Discussion questions Chapter Thirteen: Language in the workplace Unwelcoming environments Sorry not sorry "This is America, speak English!" "Nobody can understand those people" "You sound so insecure when you talk the way I do" "You're so much prettier when you're not angry" White men talking Discussion questions Chapter Fourteen: Examining the American judicial system and housing Language(s) and the law Lost in translation Linguists as experts American housing problems Heard but not seen I had you at "hello" A human failing Discussion questions Epilogue: Teach your children well Honesty & equality & respect & linguistic diversity You must be carefully taught Our hope for you, dear reader Bibliography Index
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discrimination;united;states;standard;language;ideology;american;subordination;reduction;native;Ebonics debate;Language subordination process;Educational system;Perpetuate social structures;Asian American English